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Reach trucks have two outer legs that distribute the load weight; with a wheel configuration of two or one wheels per leg. They are designed to work in narrow aisle warehousing spaces. In North America, these forklifts are configured so an operator stands while operating the truck. In Europe, the standard configuration has the driver sitting sideways with the drive wheel located under the operator’s seating position.
While a reach truck’s body is more compact than a normal counterbalance forklift’s, its wheelbase is often of the same length. A reach truck moves the load back within the wheelbase when lifting a load. Less of the load is protruding from the reach truck, allowing the reach truck to work in much narrower aisles.
A scissor mechanism called a pantograph allows the forks and load to extend forward. This allows it to reach into racking with either a double or a single reach configuration design. These reach trucks turn in the aisle and drive at a right up to the racking to load pallets.